Tuesday, 12 April 2016

Roman defeat in ancient Cleveland !

There can be no other explanation other than a roman defeat, that stopped them utilising the Eston hills and Tees inlet as a Roman strong hold ! There is no evidence of Rome gaining any type of a hold on the area we now know as Cleveland  , to any military strategist this would point to only one thing a fear by the Romans to attempt to attack the area !

I have found no evidence of actual Roman occupation in the ancient area of Cleveland, there have been a few isolated villas found but these were of so called Romano British origin, again no evidence of any Roman occupation, ie the skills to build these villas would be readily available at the time of the partial occupation of Britain. everything in this area regarding the Romans points towards a Roman defeat or reluctance to tackle the occupiers in direct confrontation .

                                             The boundary as I see it , i.e. the Romans appear 
                                              to have stopped here ! with this view of ancient
                                              Cleveland in front of them !   


The only reference I can find of Roman activity on the banks of the river Tees is at 

Piercebridge Roman Fort - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This  location is to the west of Cleveland , again to me this points to the Romans avoiding the area we now know as Cleveland , also there is no references I can find of Roman writings about the area .

 These three maps seem again to point to an avoidance of what would be a very important strategic location to any army

Click images to enlarge

 For those unfamiliar with Cleveland, the large conurbation of Teesside with Middlesbrough as its centre now covers a lot of the area . 

The area of what is now ancient Cleveland, is said to have been part of the Roman stated  Brigantes ruled area of northern Britain , yet I've never came across any evidence for this , the closest known  Roman reference is a Brigantes fort at  Stanwick St John close to what is now Darlington so given the total lack of Roman place names, settlements , military posts,  in what is now Cleveland, I believe they never had any influence on the occupiers of this area throughout the Roman occupation of other areas of North east England and as all historians know of the Brigantes was written by Romans , I find it hard to believe an area like Cleveland would have just been overlooked and left with no Roman reference I can find !  so this leads me to believe they did not want a record of the area or what might of occurred there ! 

A rising of the Brigantes has often been posited as the explanation for the disappearance of the Ninth Legion, stationed at York  is it just coincidence that York lays just to the south of the Cleveland hills, and Tees basin, that was never conquered or wrote about by Rome ! ?

. According to the eminent 19th-century German classicist Theodor Mommsen, "under Hadrian there was a terrible catastrophe here, apparently an attack on the fortress of Eboracum [York] and the annihilation of the legion stationed there, the very same Ninth that had fought so unluckily in the Boudican revolt."[11] He suggested that a revolt of the Brigantes soon after 108 was the most likely explanation.
  The above all supports my theory that Rome never conquered the area we now know as Cleveland , and in all probability the area was a Briton strong hold !

Wednesday, 16 March 2016

Deposits at Stainsby beck new finds

I have today excavated these two artefacts from deposits at Stainsby beck, again in the close proximity to the exposure of the Cleveland Dyke in this location that appears to have been the focal point for iron age sacrifice of both animal and Humans .    .
 The iron rim, the first iron artefact ive ever excavated !  seems to have several separate bands all worked to create it, I can only see two rivets.

 The metal below the rim is ferrous, but is a lot thinner, and look to have had 2 thicker folded supports each side running the full length of the artefact , I currently cleaning a large section of the thinner section and will post images soon.   
 This very well preserved leather artefact excavated very close to the iron artefact  appears to have had some sort of metal edging , and in my opinion an alloy as degrading iron would stain the leather beyond its own limits , note the dark strips along the edges where the lace holes are.


I have today excavated a piece of leather from the same deposits, and after cleaning can inform anyone reading this post, that the pieces above are not Iron age ! and most probably no more than 200 years old therefore I can only presume the iron rim is of a similar age . The latest leather piece found today from what I thought where deposits related to the near by Iron age or earlier deposits, has a number stamped on it ! As for all the other leather ive found in the becks and rivers of south west Cleveland I again have no idea of there age.
I apologise for jumping the gun and assuming the deposit was related without more work, the fact that I didn't come across any pottery etc and the colour of the deposit confused me, ime now sure the deposit containing the above items is the old beck bed before a collapse of the alluvium clay banks diverted it in the past.

Tuesday, 19 January 2016

Cleveland North East England's real superficial Geology

The Geological survey still amazingly have the area I have investigated with little help for nine years recorded as the boulder clay , recorded by a man who never actually excavated a square foot of the area In question . I have recorded in this very blog that Agar was wrong, and the south west area of Cleveland has no surface deposits that relate to boulder clay or direct glacial activity.

In fact all of the excavated evidence points towards an area covered by alluvium and related gravel bed and clay and silt deposits containing well preserved fossils and sub fossils both animal and human , I have gone into some detail in previous posts trying to explain my theories regarding what could have caused the true geology of the south west area of Cleveland , as well as reporting to the relevant local professional groups .

Yet students are still told to work on incorrect information regarding the Geology of this area ! 

Tuesday, 23 June 2015

Cleveland and the Romans

The Romans did briefly visit Cleveland but were unable to occupy the area for any length of time, ie there are remnants of Roman occupation but only sporadic, and there is no evidence of the river Tees being used by Roman soldiers or merchants .
The Tees bay and Eston hills would of been an ideal place for a Roman Garrison and more !. The only possible reason for this occupation not taking place is they were not permitted, ie organised resistance ! We are lead to believe the Brigantes were the major power in the area at the time of the Roman occupation, a tribe that was said to have been pro Roman . This to me does not add up, if this was right the tees would have been utilised as would the escarpment of the Eston  hills !

Tuesday, 12 May 2015

Cleveland's newly descovered prehistoric past

I now believe I have discovered an unknown part of Cleveland's prehistoric past, that I believe I can prove as important to historians etc. than any of the other prehistoric sites in northern Europe.  I believe the deep beck valleys that all run north to north west from the North Yorkshire moors, were the result of a massive flood event that came from the Esk valley after the last major cold stage.

I believe the Esk valley was dammed by ice at its north west limit, but the low lying areas were long ice free, and re populated, by both Humans and animals, I believe the ice dam eventually collapsed letting huge amounts of water loose to cause devastation on newly populated areas of the south west of Cleveland.  This would explain the true Geology and remains i have found in the said area .  

Thursday, 12 February 2015

Clevelands Prehistoric Amulet or Talisman found in Stainton Beck ?

1 I found this piece covered in a thick concretion, it has been like all of my finds been reported to  http://www.teesarchaeology.com/   who have after a long inspection of the artefact, decided it is either the end of a light bulb - a spark plug - or meat Fork !  who am I to disagree ! ?



The grey blue piece I believe to be Basalt

5 The artifact

6  The shroud I believe to be worked and polished magnetite .

7 These 2 images show 2600 year old gold from Germany, that look very similar to the worked band on this artefact , so do we have worked Magnetite of Scandinavian origin and Celtic gold ?



 10 - If this piece is not ancient I would find it just as fascinating ie why ?

 11 - The components ive removed and cleaned so far.

 12 - In my mind so far we have a bone handle, a very thin gold clasp, and a shaped magnetite piece ?

 13 - What I believe to be shaped magnetite.

 14 - This piece is highly magnetic !


 I have now cleaned most of the concretion residue from the artefact, and if ime honest I no longer believe the piece to be a knife handle , I think ive been looking at it upside down !  I now believe it could have been an Amulet or Talisman , I took the very thin corrugated none ferrous  band to a local jewellers today, and they agree with me that the piece could not be copper bronze or aluminium, and although the piece is too thin to get a reaction with there standard acid test, everything points towards the piece being gold  

I have gone as far as I am willing to go on the cleaning of this artefact !

 1 - All components now free of the thick concretion . 

 2 - Close up of the carved bone where the gold band would fit .


 4 - Both the bulbous and straight piece are ime sure shaped Basalt, it shows no signs of oxidisation, and looks and reacts like no metal ive seen before ? .  

 6 - The Artefact  

  I  Believe this artefact hung from the neck via a chain or lace, ie I think it was believed to protect or give good luck, ie a Talisman or Amulet ? But maybe http://www.teesarchaeology.com/ are correct and its a spark plug etc ?

Wednesday, 28 January 2015

Cleveland North East England Possible ice dam release of flood water from the esk valley.

My earlier post on a possible reason for major flooding of the Cleveland beck valleys - reported in the following link http://historyofabeck.blogspot.co.uk/2013/12/storregga-slides-stunami-theory.html 
now look to be unlikely, ive had some great advice on the deposits, and most seem to agree the deposits are most likely the result of fresh water flooding .
I have another theory, could there have been an ice dam at the mouth of the western end of the Esk valley, could this dam have held water in the esk valley while the lower lands of what is now south west Cleveland were repopulated at the end of the last ice age, only for the ice dam to fail and release a devastating flood ?

The lowlands to the north west of the mouth of the of the Esk valley, do look to have a ripple effect in the landscape; gradually getting less evident as it reaches what would have been the large natural drainage channels of the Triassic bedrock beck valleys of south west Cleveland, that would have then drained into the Tees as it was then.

Monday, 5 January 2015

Richard S White. http://thewildlifemuseum.academia.edu/RWhite

I would like to welcome a good freind and a man who has been a great help to me over the last 4 years at least, Rich has agreed to help me run the blog, thank you mate !   http://thewildlifemuseum.academia.edu/RWhite

Sunday, 4 January 2015

Dorman Museum Middlesbrough - Donation of artefacts to the people of Ancient Cleveland

I have decided that i am going to offer the huge prehistoric cervus elephus antler,  i excavated from  the Stainsby beck deposits and the preserved shoe sole found near by, as well as other artifacts to The Dorman museum in Middlesbrough. I have reported all of my finds to the museum without response, so it will be interesting to see there response.

I have contacted Dorman museum and offered the items to them, in the hope the people of Cleveland can view them, i will post any response i get from the museum.

Well i have offered the artifacts yet again no response from the Museum. 

Monday, 7 July 2014

Stonehenge - Stainsby beck deposits link ? l

I have now been reporting my work in the south west of Cleveland for over six years, my early work was a learning curve, but i now believe i have discovered some of Britain's most important Prehistoric deposits at a Stainsby beck location.
 Possibly older and of equal importance as Stonehenge, and other well known prehistoric sites in other parts of the British isles, and the deposits could even have links to the earliest stone circles.