Monday, 27 January 2014

South west Clevelands Geology and its magnetic content

 1 - This image shows most of the separate geological layers we now walk on in the south west of Cleveland,from top to bottom we have 1 metre + of stoneless alluvium with no fossil content, next a blue grey sandy clay deposit 100- 150 mm thick . then the Stainton gravel bed 300 mm thick and rich in preserved bone & older fossils & minerals marked with the black outline, then a red brown plastic clay averaging 1m thick.
 
 

 2 - This image shows the layer that sits directly above the Stainton gravel beds 100 to 150 mm grey blue layer of sandy organic clay, containing large amounts of what looks to be high grade coal fragments probably Anthracite.

 
 
 3 - This image shows three of the lower deposits, bright red clay layer to the top averaging 50 - 60 mm thick, bright blue clay layer again averaging 50 - 60 mm thick.

 4 - The images do not do the red and blue clay brightness justice !

 
 6 - Top to bottom
 
  (a) Yellow outline  = Alluvium 1 metre = thick with no visible stone content small coal pieces probably Anthracite. High magnetic content smaller sandy grains extremely magnetic. 
 
 (b) Black outline  = blue - grey sandy deposit 150 - 160 mm thick containing small coal pieces probably anthracite. High magnetic content.
 
 (c)  Red outline  = Stainton gravel bed average thickness 300mm, containing preserved organic material, and a high magnetic content.
 
 (d) Red brown plastic clay with visible stone content, and Jurassic fossils, low magnetic content.
 
 
 7 - Black outline  = red brown plastic clay as show in image 6, with visible stone content both rounded and angular, also Jurassic marine fossils. Low magnetic content.
 
 8
 
(a) Yellow outline  = Very bright red clay 50-60mm thick containing what looks to be very small pieces of Mercia mudstone ( red ) as well as small rounded and angular stone, Low magnetic content.
 
  (b)  Red outline = Very bright blue clay 50-60 mm thick no visible stone content, No magnetic content .
 
(c) Black outline = Red - brown plastic clay - no magnetic content,
 visible stone content.
 
The bed rock below these deposit is Triassic Mercia mudstone, and all of the deposits i have tested in the south west of Cleveland, have shown no signs of any magnetic content, this strongly points towards the uppermost Holocene superficial deposits being the source of the magnetic content. I have tried to identify possible surrounding areas for the origins of the Anthracite pieces in the Holocene deposits, but have found nothing definite yet.
 
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Sunday, 15 December 2013

Esk Valley Storregga slides Stunami theory

I now believe the flood event Ive previously said created the Stainton gravel beds and Alluvial sands and clay layers above, could have possibly been caused by one or both of the Holocene Storregga slides. Storegga Slide - Wikipedia,  7 - 8000 ybp, I based my previous dating for the superficial deposits of the area of my work, in the south west area of Cleveland, on Geological records that were adamant that the superficial deposits of this area, had to have been created by the retreat of the last glaciation 12 to 17000 ybp, as stated above i now think there is a good possibility that one or indeed both of the Holocene Storregga slides and the subseqent tidal waves could have created the deposits we now walk upon in south west Cleveland.   HISTORY OF A BECK: The Stainton gravel beds

1- Map showing the location of the Storregga slides.


 2- Deposits left by the Tsunami on the east coast of Scotland very similar to deposits i have excavated in the beck valleys of south west Cleveland.



 My idea is this, i believe the tsunamis caused by the slides could have created enough tidal energy to create a wall of water, sediments and gravels, that was capable of travelling inland as far as Yarm, firstly using the Esk Valley then Leven Valley, and the now deep beck valleys etc.

 3 - Stainton gravel bed deposits the red outline marks the gravel bed, the yellow outline marks the grey organic layer above.

 3 - Close up of the Stainton gravel beds taken by my good friend Andy Cooper a local Geologist, showing organic remains, i have since discovered Human and animal bones in the gravel beds.

 4 - Please note how many separate compact layers of sand and clays the gravel beds are covered by.

 5 - The gravel beds in this image are exposed at Maltby beck shown just above the spade handle, the gravel beds here only a short distance from the Stainton deposits, look to have been cut through by the beck a lot earlier than at Stainton, possibly thousands of years, hence the lack of fossils and sub fossils at Maltby beck.

The lower deposits are as yet a total mystery.




 6 - This image shows the same deposits a quarter of a mile east at Stainton beck, although the brighter clay deposits at this location have yet to be exposed by the beck flow.

 7 - This image shows a close up image of the gravel bed below, then the ever preasent blue grey organic deposit then sandy clay.

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This theory would go a long way towards explaining my Geological descoveries in the south west area of Cleveland, but it would be an amazing surge of water needed to travel this far inland to create, the deposits i now excavate & descover both human and animal sub fossils. HISTORY OF A BECK: The Stainton gravel beds  -  HISTORY OF A BECK: Maltby deposits

The link below shows a simple map of the area and the route i believe the huge surge could have followed, the area in blue shows the areas i know to have the same ordered superficial geological layers


 
 



 



 

Saturday, 16 November 2013

Red deer Antler & Equus skull after a little work.

  1 This huge antler piece is magnificent, when i excavated this piece i new my theories had been right all along, in my 7 years of research into the previously unknown deposits that lay beneath our feet, here in the south west of the ancient area named Cleveland in the North East of England.
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 4 - All of the animals in this deposit show no evidence of butchery !
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 7 - As reported earlier this Equus was restrained in a barbaric manner.
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Thursday, 31 October 2013

Prehistoric Equus skull excavated

 1 - Firstly i apologise for the image quality i lost my camera & am having to borrow my daughters phone to take images at the moment.

I excavated yet another Equus skull today from the ancient grey deposits at Stainsby today, in the same small area i have found and excavated the remains of at least five other Equus & two Humans one very large, a leather moccasin type shoe sole with decoration, a huge Cervus antler, three Canis skulls one very likely a wolf, an Auroch scapular, flint core, unknown Bos skulls, Cervus skulls and mandibles, Wild Boar skull and mandible, Ovis Capra Mandibles and skulls.
 2 - This piece is the first I've ever excavated with evidence of Human interference, & if ime right the interference was horrific.
 3 - It appears that this animal had its softer nasal bone pierced either side & then had some sort of restraint threaded through & over the harder ridge bone.
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Monday, 28 October 2013

Prehistoric ritual & sacrafice in the deep beck valleys of the south west area of Cleveland

In this post I would like to share my knowledge of the Geology of the deep beck valleys of south west Cleveland, & my theories of how they were created & events that created the deposits that cover them.

Over the last seven years ive studied most of the beck valleys, but have concentrated on Five of the deepest, Ormesby - Marton West beck - Stainton - Maltby & Stainsby,  all have a lot in common but the first that should be mentioned is the fact they all sit above Triassic Mercia mudstone, the bedrock is only exposed at Stainsby beck valley Thornaby on Tees, here most of a large area of the western slopes have only a thin stoneless Alluvium covering the Triassic bedrock Valley side, that I believe was shaped by the glacial retreat of the last major cold stage 12 - 17.000ybp.   .

All of the beck valleys are covered with the same Stoneless Alluvium The simple diagram below shows what I have found to be the true basic superficial Geology of the area, the beck valleys run through.

 
 
I don't believe the superficial geology shown above was the result of glacial forces from the last major cold event, but instead the result of a later major flood event that occurred after both plant, animal & Human repopulation of this area.  The cause of this flood event ime not sure of, but I am sure the devastation caused still remains buried beneath us here in South West Cleveland.
 
  I believe the Glacial events approximately 17.000 ybp  that created the original Valleys also left large parts of them with the brightly coloured red- blue Triassic bedrock and large sections of the dark  Basaltic Andesite ( Cleveland Dyke )  exposed.
 
Stainsby & Stainton were Im sure left in this state after the Glacial retreat, leaving what must have been an ore inspiring sight to any Prehistoric people repopulating this area, I mean if a few blocks of stone stood up in a field In Wiltshire  could cause such wonderment to prehistoric people, imagine what the views in these valleys would instill in the prehistoric imagination.
 
Stainsby & Stainton are strong contenders for being centres of  religious and sacrificial centres because of the exposures of Triassic bedrock and protruding Dyke wall, as reported in earlier posts I now have overwhelming evidence of ritual sacrifice at such exposures.  
 
Please note - When I refer to the Alluvium being stoneless I mean there is no visible stone content.
 
 

Wednesday, 16 October 2013

Wild boar skull excavated from prehistoric deposits at Stainsby

  I excavated this piece along side Bos & Cervid bones I first thought it just to be a domestic pig skull, I now know it to be from a wild boar.

 1 - The Excavation

 2 - Finds

 3 - Note how long the snout is and the low profile of the cranium.

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Tuesday, 8 October 2013

Stainsby ancient lake deposits possible ritual conection to the exposed Cleveland Dyke

  1 - Black = Small Equus pelvic piece.  Red = Right Raidius piece Bos or very lage Cervid  Yellow = Right Maxilla Boss   Orange = Metatarsal Ovis - Capra  Blue = preserved wood & Unknown. 
  2 - Maxilla piece after excavation.


 3 - Maxilla after a wash
 
 
4 - I can only say its either Bos or very large Cervid it was excavated very close to the huge Cervid antler and skull piece earlier.

 5 - Morphology

 6 - 7  Unknown radius piece

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 8 - Small Equus pelvic piece with as all the preserved bones in these lake deposits no sign of butchery

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 12 - I  now believe that the stones found with the preserved bones must be connected i.e. were deposited by the same Humans that deposited the animal and Human remains. I still have not come across any metal items nor any signs that metal was deposited with the preserved bones and artefact's
This leads me to believe the grey lake deposits are of a considerable prehistoric age, also the fact that the Cleveland dyke could well have been exposed at this point, even possibly rising from the water makes me consider the dyke could have been the focus of a Prehistoric ritual centre here.
 
The image below was taken at an earlier stage of my work on these deposits, the partially excavated bone outlined in orange is a human tibia shaft, with a partially excavated mandible outlined in red, I found many more animal bones in this part of the deposit,
 
The links below show more of the excavated bone & artefacts from the lake bed deposits.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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