Prehistoric Artifacts - Mammal bones - including one Human tibia excavated from ancient lake bed deposits.

  1 -  3  This Ovis - Capra Skull was found early in the excavation of the newly discovered Prehistoric lake bed deposits at Stainsby beck Thornaby on Tees Cleveland.
  2 - All of the pieces show no signe of attention from Humans - Predators or scavengers
-  3 



  4 - 8  As yet unknown Artiodactyle lower jaw and right Maxilla .
   5 - I have only seen teeth like this once before , maybe just a juvenile thing ?
  6 - The morphology looks bos to me .
  7 - Although the teeth in the Maxilla look strange .
  9 - 12  Unknown horn core .


13 - Human tibia shaft outlined in yellow shown in images 10 - 12 and the as yet unknown Artiodactyle mandible and Maxilla shown in images 4 - 8
  10 - 12  Human tibia shaft .
  11 - Its heavy and at least partially mineralised .
  12 - Note the concretion attached to the left , ive found a lot of mineralised animal bones with a similar concretion . 
  13 - The mandible , maxilla , horn core , and Human tibia shaft were excavated from the same square foot of grey clay .

  14 - Ugly but it fits !


 15 - excavation site .

 16 - The days first find Horse mandible piece .

 17 - The last piece excavated was approximately 3 metres into the deposit .

 18 - The red outline shows today's area of excavation .


20  - The horse mandible piece below was excavated approximately 200 mm further into the deposit still buried behind the partially excavated bones shown in this image .  

 21 - 25  Young horse mandible piece .


 22 - The erupting teeth show this horse was young .


 24 - Incisors 

 25 - This piece was excavated over two metres further into the deposit , from  the ancient Human tibia shaft , shown being excavated in an earlier post .
 26 - This image shows all the pieces excavated today , they include two horse mandible pieces Capra - ovis horn cores - scapula piece - rib piece - metacarpal piece - bovine mandible piece .

 27 - I am not sure whether the groves on this metacarpal are a result of Canis chewing or human use . 

 28 - Again ime not sure that the marks on this scapula piece were caused by chewing . .

 29 - I have now had advice from a well respected professional from the United States , that back my own thoughts up about this piece , i.e.  the marks are too long too parallel and too regular too be chew marks .   I believe this to be a tool of some sort maybe a winding device .   Peter Row of Tees Archaeology has viewed these images and  thinks they could possibly be wear marks caused by some type of twine .


  30 - 34 This preserved leather shoe sole, was excavated close to the Ovis - Capra skull shown in images 1 - 3
  31 - I have now cleared most of the holes that look to have been created by a bone tool .
 33 - Note the leather has been doubled up .
 34 - A - B - C - D

Show what looks to be some sort of inserts maybe decoration ?





 35 - These pottery pieces excavated very close to the preserved shoe sole.

36 - 38  Worked flint


  39 - deeper into  the prehistoric  grey deposit .
  40 - Horse metacarpal .
  41 - Note how deep into the deposit the metacarpal is situated , the Human tibia shaft shown in earlier posts  was excavated about a metre to the left .

Rhizocretion  containing crystals possibly Aragonite .
  44 - 49  I have found a lot of these Rhizocretion in the lake bed deposits, but this is the first containing crystals.




50 - This image shows a young bos molar before excavation .

 51 - This image shows how far into the Prehistoric deposits the tooth was excavated from .


53 - All of today's excavated pieces.


55 - Note the magnets stuck tight to the stone ? in the centre of the image outlined in red

  56 - This image is a close up of what I am sure has to be a scapula piece from an extinct Auroch  ( Bos Premigenius ) . The deposits are Prehistoric and ime told cattle were not this big .



  57 - The pottery piece in this image is the third piece ive excavated.

 58 - All excavated bone including one piece of pottery.
 59 - Equus scapula piece before being fully excavated.

60 - Excavation

61 - Another utilised bone

 62 - 66  Pottery rim piece hopefully I will get the dating from Tees Archaeology using this piece.




66 - All of the pottery pieces found strongly attract a rare earth magnet, as with most minerals and bone found in this area, it must contain some kind of magnetite. 

 67 - 68   Capra Ovis horn.


  69 - 71 This piece of mineralised wood was excavated from the ancient lake bed deposits at Stainsby beck.
 70 - It was excavated very close to the latest bone and pottery finds.
 70 - The mineralised wood like most stone and bone found in the south west area of Cleveland is magnetic, this phenomena has been reported many times to Geologists by myself. 

 71 - The thicker veins seem to be totally mineralised, calcite maybe. I believe this wood was utilised, before it ended up with the bones and artefact's also found.

  72 - This is the full assemblage of excavated bone and artefacts to date including a preserved leather shoe sole, pottery, and utilised bone and wood, from the grey lake bed deposits at Stainsby beck Thornaby on Tees Cleveland. Tees Archaeology have been informed of all finds.

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Please feel free to correct me on any part of my blog, i would also welcome any help that can be offered in correctly identifying some of my fossil finds All the best to all Heath.