In my mind similar to the way the Wolf earned its bad reputation i.e. it was only ever guilty of being what it was a wolf ! .
My reason for mentioning the earliest recorded raid at Lindisfarne, is to show that the raid was long before the Vikings inhabited what we now know as York. The Vikings occupied York Jorvik in 865 AD, after a large Danish Viking army had landed in East Anglia.
Yet its fact the Vikings were long acquainted with the North East coast of England, and the land beyond ( Cleveland ) long before this date . So in all probability the area we now know as Cleveland was occupied and named, long before the city we now know as York, was occupied in 865 AD . .
Cleveland as far as I can make out either translates land of rolling hills or Cliff land, I personally opt for the latter, but this is another jigsaw that needs solving. Regardless of which translation is correct, it seems the Viking named area of ancient Cleveland, must be far older than the English named area called Yorkshire . Therefore making Cleveland possibly the oldest surviving Viking named area in England.